When two words are joined together to make a new word, the result is a compound word. For example, the words “lady” and “bug” can be combined to form the word “ladybug.” Compound words are typically taught to children in the third grade, along with the notions of prefixes and suffixes. Teaching young students about compound words is a great way to help them learn word building skills. One common exercise for helping children understand compound words is to create a list consisting of 2 columns. Children should be able to draw lines from the words in one column to the next, putting them together to make compound words.
Examples of compound words:
Additionally, hyphens are sometimes used to unify certain compound words. This often occurs when there are more than 2 words being combined, like in the case of “merry-go-round” or “mother-in-law.” However, it is also commonly seen when the words being combined are short words, such as “x-ray,” “as-is,” or “take-off.