We have all run into this problem of not knowing when to use “who” and when to use “whom”. Who and whom are both pronouns. How to use them depends on what you are referring to in the sentence. If you are referring to the subject of the sentence you use “who”. If you are referring to the object in a sentence or clause you would use “whom”.
We often hear people or read things that say “I feel badly” or sentences that are similar. Have you ever wondered when you use the word “bad” or when you use “badly”? Well, we have and we figured it was worth addressing. In this post we will discuss the difference in these words when used in a sentence.
These words are frequently misused and confused in the English language. They seem at first glance that they would be interchangeable but we will take a closer look in this post as to the proper usage of each one. These words do basically have the same meaning but, again, usage is important.
Homeschool is defined as an alternative form of education that takes place in the student’s home and not in a traditional school setting. In some states homeschool is actually considered to be a private school. The reasons why parents choose to homeschool their students range from opposition to school curriculum, the ability to add religious teachings into a students education, concerns about school violence, a desire to give the student more one on one instructional time, and at times to avoid some negative social aspects that come with a traditional school setting.
Most children are capable of succeeding in school but there are things that happen in a child’s life that can keep them from reaching their full potential. A number of factors can add up to a student being defined as “at risk”. These can include but are not limited to poverty, limited use of the English language, physical and/or mental disabilities, and being raised in a dysfunctional or even abusive home. There are times when a student only has one of these that makes them at risk but there are a lot of times where they have multiple risk factors to deal with. For at-risk students it is necessary for families, educators and communities to come together on behalf of the students.
Classroom size is consistently a number one concern for parents and teachers. No matter how many policies are put into place to reduce class sizes teachers continue to be overwhelmed by classroom size. 36 states currently have policies in place that limits the number of students in any general education classroom. In the school year of 1999 and 2000 there was $3.5 billion spent on class size reductions. 2.3 billion of this was spent by states and the remaining 1.2 billion was federal funding. Since 1999 under the Class Size Reduction Program approximately 29,000 teachers have been hired and partly due to this classroom sizes for grades 1, 2, and 3 have decreased. The classroom sizes have gone from 23 to 18.
School violence is the number one concern of parents of school age children. Rightfully so, the news is saturated in recent years of stories that tell us that anything and everything is imaginable at school. School administrators and state government officials have set in place many changes that include more harsh punishments for those that attempt to bring guns or other weapons to school or who try to execute bomb threats (real or not). They are also working on prevention of these incidents.
It is estimated that over 8 million school age children are left unattended after school is let out. Statistics show that the hours between 2 p.m. and 6 p.m. are when kids are most likely to take part in high risk behaviors such as drug use, drinking alcohol and youth violence. Between 3 p.m. and 4 p.m. is when the highest amount of teen criminal activity takes place. This sends a loud message that the after school hours are a crucial time to get our kids into structured activities and programs that are supervised in order to keep them safe.
Prior to 1987 more than 50% of homeless children were not being given a formal education on a regular basis. In that year Congress passed the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act. This act enables all children, regardless of income or social status can get a good education. For this Act the government had to define clearly what “homeless” meant. Once that was established several things were put into place:
- Grants must be issued by the U.S. Secretary of Education to the states for the education of homeless children.
- The states are to make sure that all children have equal access to a suitable education and they must ensure that they can fulfill this obligation.
- Each state must have a “Office of Coordinator for Education of Homeless Children and Youths” who will oversee data collection, and activities for the homeless children in their state. This office is also to disperse funding to local agencies for the education of homeless children.
- In 1994 it was added that all homeless preschool children have the right to a free preschool program.
- Also in 1994 the school systems were to begin working with the housing authorities on these issues.
- The definition of “homeless” was changed to take in children living with family members other than their parents or legal guardians. This also takes in those children that have had a loss of their housing, financial hard times, or other similar reasons.
- Homeless children are not to be segregated in anyway from other children in school.
- The schools have to provide transportation for the children no matter where they are coming from.
- If there arises a conflict about what school a child should go to, the parent chooses and the child attends that school until the conflict is resolved.
- Children should be placed where their needs are best met. They should be kept in their school of origin unless it is against the will of the parents.
The struggles of the homeless child are many. They deal with lack of nutrition, living conditions that can be sub-standard, lack of health care, transient living, and emotional stress. These issues away from school can cause struggles in their education. None of these obstacles is to big to overcome (educationally speaking) but the key is having the people in charge of our education system know the intricate details of what the children go through so that they are better able to get the resources together to help the children on an individual basis.
In Spring of 1998 PBS did a segment on a family that had a non-verbal autistic son. He was school age at the time and these parents wanted this child integrated into a normal classroom. It started out this way and then the school made a fuss about things saying that he needed to be moved full time to the “special education” department of the school. The parents would not stand for it. They even sued the school and tried to get the Supreme Court to hear their case. This did not happen. However, this family took their son to another school that willingly gave him a full time aid and helps him be integrated into the classroom with his peers.